F2B Visa: What Is It?  

If you are the spouse or minor child of an American citizen or permanent resident, you may be eligible for a family preference visa, sometimes called an F2B visa. Someone is considered an adult child if they are born to a legal permanent resident (LPR) or adopted by an LPR who is older than 21 and has not tied the knot yet. If you are married or cannot show proof that your parents are presently resident in the US, you are not eligible for the F2B visa.  

With the F2B visa, you can reconnect with family members. Not only that, but it also gives your adult child the legal right to permanently live, study, and work in the US.  

What Are the F2B Visa Requirements?  

The F2B visa’s eligibility is not heavily dependent on certain factors. The requirements for an F2B visa application are as follows:  

  • You need documentation showing that you are the adopted or born child of a lawful permanent resident of the United States.  
  • A minimum age of 21 is required.  
  • Surely you are not married.  

You need to meet these requirements for the LPR:  

  • Proof of parental status, such as a birth certificate or adoption paperwork, is required to apply for a relative.  
  • A US LPR is required.  
  • You need to have a confirmed US address and be a US resident to apply.  

How Do You Apply for an F2B Visa?  

Obtaining an F2B visa requires the parent, who is a lawful permanent resident, to initiate the procedure. Filing Form I-130 with USCIS is the parent’s responsibility. This form is a petition for a visa for an immigrant relative. Once the parent submits the form, they will review it and promptly decide on its approval. If they deny the petition, they will explain. If they initially reject your application, they will provide you with another chance to submit it. After reviewing the USCIS remarks, you must fill in any blanks and address any existing issues before resubmitting your petition. After receiving a denial, it is wise to consult an attorney for guidance on how to proceed with your second petition in the hopes of increasing the likelihood of acceptance and decreasing the already lengthy time it takes to secure an F2B visa. On the other hand, if USCIS approves the request, they will provide the adult child with instructions on what to do once the process is complete. Finally, at the U.S. embassy or consulate in the country where the adult child or permanent resident is currently living, they must apply for the F2B visa.  

What Is the Processing Time for F2B Visas?   

There is no information on how long it takes to process an F2B visa. The limited supply of visas forces some applicants to wait for up to two years. People are having to wait longer and longer; seven years is the longest period anybody has ever had to wait (albeit this is an extreme case). Until your priority date goes into effect, you may just choose to wait. Afterward, you need to start applying for the job right away.  

What If My Sponsor Becomes a U.S. Citizen before My Application Is Processed?  

Before the visa application’s approval, the applicant’s sponsor may become a United States citizen. This is because the processing time for an F2B visa can be quite lengthy. 

Because of this condition, the sponsor will be able to submit a new petition for an application that includes an immediate relative. There are no quotas for applications filed via the immediate relative scheme, and applicants will get faster processing times. 


Legal permanent residents (those with green cards) may sponsor their adult children for permanent residency under the F2b visa category. This includes the ability to arrange for their own children’s adoption. This program offers significant benefits to individuals granted a family-sponsored immigration visa, along with their immediate family. These advantages include, but are not limited to, the following: the chance for families to reside together in the US; the availability of jobs and schools; the route to naturalization; and the accessibility of public services like healthcare.  

If you need help making sure you’re following all the rules and regulations of immigration, developing a personalized strategy, or obtaining the necessary documents, it may be wise to hire an immigration attorney. Reuniting families, giving recipients a second chance at life in the US, and enriching the nation’s diverse fabric of families and communities are frequently the end goals of the application process, which can be lengthy and fraught with difficulty.